It is the most common form of periodontal disease that almost all of us once had. Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums that affects the tissues that connect the tooth to the bone without the loss of supporting bone being perceived, as is the case with periodontitis. The disease is completely reversible.
What causes gingivitis?
It is caused by bacteria that form groups, the dental plaque. The plaque has the ability to adhere to dental surfaces and causing an inflammatory reaction when microbial toxins come in contact with the gums.
How do I know I have gingivitis?
Gingivitis is a completely reversible disease. Signs of inflammation such as swollen gums, redness and bleeding are the main symptoms. Remember! Healthy gums do not bleed.
How is it treated?
It is vital that your dentist evaluate whether you have gingivitis or some other type of periodontal disease. If the diagnosis is positive, the treatment is performed by the dentist but a continued effort must be made at home. The teeth are cleaned professionally while the patient is trained to brush properly and use dental floss. This removes the dental plaque that causes the disease. Persistent and proper oral hygiene prevents the recurrence of the disease.