Bad Breath – Halitosis
Bad breath or dental halitosis means bad breath during exhalation. It is a serious concern for everyone, it is the 3rd most common reason that people seek for dental care.
85-90% of cases of bad breath are due to the mouth itself. Foods such as garlic, onions, meat, fish, cheese in combination with other factors such as alcohol consumption, smoking and obesity also contribute. Caries, periodontitis and poor oral health can also cause halitosis.
Respiratory or gastroesophageal reflux disease are other sources of bad breath. Respiratory causes refer to the nasal cavities, throat, trachea, bronchi and lungs. Problems such as sinusitis, tonsillitis or inflammation in any of these areas can cause bad breath. Gastroesophageal reflux disease as a main cause is particularly rare since respiration is not affected when food is in the stomach.
The odor is usually more intense in the morning (morning breath) as the mouth is exposed to minimal oxygen at night. This is temporary and passes after brushing, mouthwash or food. Proper oral hygiene, tongue cleaning and regular visits to the dentist address the problem of halitosis. It is also important to stay hydrated.
However, chronic bad breath is characterized by a strong odor and affects a quarter of the population in particular. If thorough oral hygiene and dental checkups do not improve the condition, you need to mention it for further investigation.